Type of Tea

Tea comes from the Camellia sinensis plant which contains a number of antioxidants and good caffeine. Tea has various types with their benefits and advantages each for health. What are the types of tea that are most often encountered and which ones the healthiest?
Actually, the various teas that exist come from the same plant. However, that is distinguishing from all these types of tea is the manufacturing process. Several kinds of tea ones most popular are:

Black tea
Black tea has the highest caffeine content among other types of tea. This caffeine content making black tea can be a substitute for coffee to stimulate the work of the body and brain. Black tea also contains fluoride which can help protect us from dental caries or cavities. The antioxidant content in black tea is effective in reducing risk heart attack, atherosclerosis, kidney stones, ovarian cancer, and Parkinson's disease. Apart from this, black tea can also help prevent the occurrence of orthostatic hypotension, i.e. a condition in which a person feels lightheaded and lightheaded due to a drop in pressure blood, especially when suddenly standing up from a sitting or lying position. Black tea can too lowers cholesterol levels and helps increase energy levels. Research shows that black tea can prevent the lungs from being damaged caused by exposure to cigarette smoke and air pollution. This also reduces the risk stroke.

Green tea
Green tea is made from tea leaves that go through only one filter. Green tea is a kind tea that is rich in antioxidants, which works to prevent infections of the bladder and helps fight certain types of cancer such as breast cancer and lung cancer. Green tea can lower total cholesterol levels and increase good cholesterol levels (HDL). The polyphenol compounds found in green tea can also inhibit absorption cholesterol by the small intestine and simultaneously helps the body get rid of excess cholesterol. Due to its cholesterol-lowering properties, green tea can also help prevent it the occurrence of atherosclerosis, which is blockage of blood vessels caused by high levels of bad fats in the body. Atherosclerosis can lead to heart disease and stroke at a later date. Some of the other benefits of green tea are treating stomach ulcers, regulating body temperature, control blood sugar levels, help digestion, to improve brain cognitive abilities.

Benefits of Drinking Tea

Drinking tea has become a tradition for many people in various countries, including Indonesia. Taste tea that tends to be light, without a bitter aftertaste like coffee, makes tea often used as a 'substitute' for water as a thirst quencher. The popularity of tea is able to penetrate the 'limit' because it is easily consumed by people with various ages and economic status, making tea increasingly explored. Now, there are various types of tea on the market in order to satisfy the diverse tastes of people for the aroma and taste of tea. Generally, tea which Indonesians consume is jasmine tea. However, there are other types of tea that are has extraordinary benefits that you can try, one of which is black tea. Similar to green tea, black tea also comes from Camellia Sinesis tea leaves. Taste that produced is not much different, but the color produced by black tea is darker as a result oxidation process. Not only in terms of color, more oxidized black tea also produces higher caffeine content. That is why, black tea is also relied on by people who are don't want to drink coffee but need the benefits of caffeine coffee. To get healthy benefits, it's a good idea to consume tea that you brew yourself. Because, tea packaging contains very little tea, contains a lot of sugar, with substance dangerous preservative. Here are some of the health benefits you can get when you regularly consume black tea Healthline a while ago.
Antioksidan
Black tea is high in antioxidants. Types of antioxidants that are found in abundance a cup of black tea is polyphenols, catechins, theaflavins, and thearubigins. When consumed regularly, This group of antioxidants can help eliminate free radicals and reduce them damage to cells in the body which in turn can help reduce the risk of disease chronic, such as hypertension, stroke, diabetes, and heart disease. Although many supplements now contain antioxidants, the best way to get them the benefits are through food and drink.
Reduce the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease
According to a research journal in the US National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health, There is sufficient evidence to suggest that 3 cups of unsweetened black tea a day can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) related to the benefits of antioxidants. Even so, the consumption of black tea should be no more than 8 medium sized cups a day to avoid the side effects of drinking tea such as difficulty sleeping, restlessness, anemia, as well as osteoporosis.
Digestive Health
The polyphenol antioxidants present in black tea promote growth good bacteria in the intestine and inhibits the growth of bad bacteria, such as Salmonella. Apart from that, black tea also contains antimicrobial properties that can kill harmful substances in the intestines, which in turn can repair the lining of the digestive tract. Further research is being carried out whether the benefits of drinking black tea associated with increased immune function.
Stabilize Blood Sugar
Consuming large amounts of sugar, especially from sugary drinks, has been proven increases blood sugar levels and increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. When you consume sugar, the pancreas secretes a hormone called insulin for carries sugar to muscles and is used for energy. Unsweetened black tea is believed to be a beverage that can increase usage insulin in the body. a study that looked at the properties of tea and their relationship with insulin and its components found, regular consumption of black tea can increase insulin activity more than 15 times.
Slow Down Cancer Cells
The polyphenols found in black tea can help prevent cell survival cancer. Test-tube studies analyzed the effects of polyphenols in tea on cancer cells. The results suggest that black and green teas can play a regulating role cancer cell growth by reducing the development of new cells. Another study analyzed the effects of polyphenols in black tea on breast cancer. Studies suggests that the benefits of drinking black tea can help treat the spread of tumors breasts that are affected by hormones.

Popularity of Black Tea

  Black tea is a bold, flavorful and energizing way lots of people begin their day across the world. Since its' discovery in the 17th century in China and subsequent popularity, people in different cultures, cities, and villages in almost every country consume tea on a regular basis. Black tea is the backbone of many global drinks, such as Tibetan Po cha, bubble tea or milk tea. In certain regions of the world, black tea is the foundation for cultural events, such as tea ceremonies! The process of preparing black tea in Russian tea ceremonies are far different from a Chinese tea ceremony. The difference lies in the preparation and history of the ceremony itself, with Russian ceremonies strictly using strongly brewed loose and large leaf black tea, while Chinese ceremonies involve the usage of literature and art into the ceremony process. Preparing and serving black tea has always been the perfect complement to ceremonies or just a simple night at home.

    Ninety percent of all tea sold in the U.S today is black tea. Most of the black tea in the modern U.S. is produced primarily in China and India. In England, tea consumption per person is roughly 2 kilos or 4.4 pounds each year. Globally, tea sales are in the billions of dollars every year, and according to Statistica, "the global tea market was valued at nearly 50 billion U.S. dollars in 2017 and is expected to rise to over 73 billion dollars by 2024." No matter if you're a passionate tea drinker or a passionate tea avoider, there's no denying how valuable the tea industry has been and will continue to be for the world economy.

    Because of its bold flavor and a caffeine boost similar to coffee, many Americans are drinking black tea as a morning "wake up" beverage. Popular favorites like Earl Grey and English Breakfast Tea have become a staple in millions of U.S. households. Tea itself has been around for a very long time, first mentioned in writing in a Chinese dictionary in 350 A.D. Originally acclaimed for its medicinal properties, tea became a popular recreational beverage during the Tang dynasty (618-907), with the process of steeping whole tea leaves in cups or teapots made popular during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644). In 1589, Europeans first learned about tea when a Venetian author credited the lengthy lives of Asians to their tea drinking. At the end of the 1500's, Portuguese priests who spread Roman Catholicism through China tasted the new black tea and wrote about its medicinal uses and taste benefits. Shortly thereafter in 1662, Princess Catherine introduced drinking black tea to the British palace, then in 1690 Britain began selling tea publicly in Massachusetts, U.S. In England, Duchess Anna Telford introduced the concept of afternoon tea to the nation in 1840, who quickly embraced what is now; a favorite – and famous – British national pastime. No matter the country and the point in history, black tea has been the center of cultural growth.

How to Choose Quality of Tea

Choosing quality tea is not an easy job. So many tea brands on the market from different kinds of tea leaves, priced at different prices. Don't worry, according to Charlene, second-generation successor to Yixing Xuan's Tea House at Singapore, there is actually a way to differentiate quality tea.

"First try to see the dry tea leaves. For example, there are three or several shoots sticky leaves mean they're great tea leaves"

says CharleneSource Title

Because according to Charlene, the tea leaves that stick together can only be taken by process hand picking not by machine. Of course, the sorting immediately by hand is more observant and painstaking compared to machines.

"Then look at the dried tea leaves. Is there a broken one? If it's broken that means that poorly processed and stored, "said Charlene. Charlene also recommends looking at the color of the tea leaves. "For white tea (white tea) the color should be white, green tea (green tea) then the color starts to green. Meanwhile, oolong tea, the color is a blend of green and white. If everything is black, then that is it "This means that the tea has been stored for a long time and is not fresh"

said CharleneSource Title

Finally, quality tea can also be known from its fragrance. “If it doesn't smell too good means tea has been a long time, "said Charlene. Not to forget Charlene advises you tea lovers not to buy tea in quantity many, because it began to make the tea not fresh due to long storage. Way tea storage must also be considered, namely in an airtight, non-penetrating place light, and should not be near the sun